When the International Olympic Committee (IOC) selects a city to stage the Games, the city and the National Olympic Committee (NOC) of the host country create the OCOG which will organise the Games. From the moment it is created, seven years before the Games, the OCOG works closely with the IOC.
Where are Olympics organized?
The International Olympic Committee (IOC; French: Comité international olympique, CIO) is a non-governmental sports organisation based in Lausanne, Switzerland. It is constituted in the form of an association under the Swiss Civil Code (articles 60–79).
Did Olympics used to be every 4 years?
From 1924 to 1992, the Summer and Winter Games were each held in the same year, every four years. This four years period is called “Olympiad”. The last Summer and Winter Games held in the same year were in Barcelona (Summer) and Albertville (Winter) in 1992.
Do Olympians get paid?
However, most Olympic medal winners do receive a cash reward from their home Olympic committee. The US Olympic and Paralympic Committee pays members of Team USA $37,500 for each gold medal they win, $22,500 for every silver, and $15,000 for a bronze.
Why did Olympics switch to every two years?
The 1994 Winter Olympics, held in Lillehammer, Norway, were the first Winter Games to be held in a different year from the Summer Games. This change resulted from the decision reached in the 91st IOC Session (1986) to separate the Summer and Winter Games and place them in alternating even-numbered years.